Viral papillomas in dogs are small growths on the lips, gums, around the eyes or on the toes. They are hairless growths that have the appearance of tiny clusters of fingers or fronds. These lesions are most common in young dogs.
Papilloma lesions are caused by a papilloma virus spread from dog to dog contact or by contacting toys, food/water bowls or other objects that may have touched another dogs papilloma lesion. This virus can only be spread among dogs, it cannot be passed to other pets or humans.
Treatment in most cases is not necessary. As the immune system matures and responds; the papilloma virus lesions will regress. This process can take 1-2 months. If lesions are still present after three months, further treatments such as surgical removal or antibiotics may be warranted.
If your pet has papilloma lesions it is advised that they not participate in play groups, at the dog park or with other young dogs to prevent spread of this virus. Once the lesions have regressed, they are no longer contagious.